Det är Nasser Abiat och jag vill se om det är funger
Det är Nasser Abiat och jag vill se om det är funger
Imprisoned teachers Hadi Rashedi and Hashem Sha’bani Amouri, both members of Iran’s
Ahwazi Arab minority, have been transferred to an unknown location, which suggests
their executions may be imminent.
Hadi Rashedi and Hashem Sha’bani Amouri were transferred on 7 December to an unknown location from
Karoun Prison in Ahvaz, Khuzestan province. They may be at imminent risk of execution, given the recent news
that four other Ahwazi Arab men were secretly executed in November or December 2013.
Hadi Rashedi and Hashem Sha’bani Amouri were arrested in early 2011, along with three other men, Mohammad
Ali Amouri, Sayed Jaber Alboshoka and his brother Sayed Mokhtar Alboshoka, apparently in connection with
their cultural activities on behalf of Iran’s Ahwazi Arab minority. They were sentenced to death on 7 July 2012 by
Branch Two of the Ahvaz Revolutionary Court, after being convicted of charges including “enmity against God”,
“corruption on earth”, “gathering and colluding against state security” and “spreading propaganda against the
system”. All five men were denied access to a lawyer and their families for the first nine months of their detention
and are believed to have been tortured or otherwise ill-treated before and after the verdict. Hadi Rashedi and
Hashem Sha’bani Amouri were shown “confessing” on a state television channel before the trial, in violation of
international standards on fair trial. In January 2013, the Supreme Court upheld their death sentences. In March
2013, the men began a hunger strike in protest at this decision, their alleged torture and other ill-treatment and the
prison authorities’ refusal to grant them medical treatment. They continued the hunger strike for 28 days.
All five men were transferred in August 2013 to an unknown location where they were held for between one and
five weeks. Hadi Rashedi and Hashem Sha’bani Amouri were reported to have been pressured to make videotaped
“confessions” and are believed to have been tortured or otherwise ill-treated when they refused.
Please write immediately in Persian, Arabic, English or your own language:
Urging the authorities to reveal the whereabouts of Hadi Rashedi and Hashem Sha’bani Amouri, not execute
any of the five men (naming them) and order retrials for all of the men, in proceedings in line with international fair
trial standards and without recourse to the death penalty;
Urging them to effectively investigate the allegations that the men were tortured or otherwise ill-treated and
disallow as evidence in court any “confessions” that may have been obtained under torture;
Calling on them to ensure the men are protected from torture and other ill-treatment, are granted all necessary
medical treatment and are allowed immediate and regular contact with their lawyers and families.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 20 JANUARY 2014 TO:
Leader of the Islamic Republic
Ayatollah Sayed ‘Ali Khamenei
The Office of the Supreme
Islamic Republic Street – End
Keshvar Doust Street,
Tehran, Islamic Republic of
Salutation: Your Excellency
Head of the Judiciary
Ayatollah Sadegh Larijani
c/o Public Relations Office
Number 4, 2 Azizi Street
Tehran, Islamic Republic of
(Subject line: FAO
Ayatollah Sadegh Larijani)
Salutation: Your Excellency
And copies to:
President of the Islamic
Republic of Iran
Pasteur Street, Pasteur Square
Tehran, Islamic Republic of
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.
More than 300 killed since ‘moderate’ Rouhani took office
Iran has executed 529 people this year, including more 300 since President Hassan Rouhani assumed office in August, according to a tallycompiled by the Iran Human Rights Documentation Center (IHRDC).
Iran now has the dubious honor of being the global leader per capita in executions, according to the IHRDC.
The sharp spike in killing has prompted criticism from some observers who say that the United States and other Western nations are ignoring Tehran’s massive human rights infractions in order to facilitate Iran’s approval of a final nuclear accord.
“Under the shadow of negotiations, however, Iran’s appalling human rights situation has hardly changed,” Iranian activists Payam Akhavan and Shirin Ebadi wrote in a recent Washington Post op-ed.
Executions have actually increased as Tehran engages in talks with the West, according to Akhavan and Ebadi.
Many of those executed by Iran, mainly by hanging, were accused of being a “Moharebeh,” or one who is designated as “waging war against God” under Islamic law.
Many others were hung in secrecy and after being convicted of crimes during closed trials that human rights observers classified as unfair and lacking in international standards.
However, others maintain that the spike is a result of internal divisions and power struggles between Iran’s so-called moderate wing and its more hardline judiciary.
The execution figures are compiled from both official and unofficial reports in the Iranian media and elsewhere. The Iranian government has officially acknowledged at least 400 executions in 2013.
The White House admits that human rights issues are not being discussed during the nuclear negotiations.
“As we have consistently made clear, the P5+1 negotiations with Iran have focused exclusively on the nuclear issue,” a senior Obama administration official told theWashington Free Beacon. “It is important to note that progress on the nuclear issue does not change our resolve in pushing back against Iranian support for terrorism, threats against our friends and partners, and violations of human rights.”
Iranian officials and others have said that the United States unsuccessfully attempted to broach human rights and other issues during the talks.
“The Americans asked to open other files during the nuclear negotiation, but the Iranians insisted on limiting the debate,” Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah wasquoted as saying earlier this month.
An Iranian official made similar claims to al-Monitor.
“Iran knows what it wants, and that’s what we are after,” an anonymous Iranian official was quoted as saying.
“The Syrian crisis wasn’t at the heart of the negotiations, but it was discussed thoroughly during side talks,” the source reportedly said. “Moreover, there was an American request that we discuss possible options whenever the nuclear deal is sealed, and that’s why some regional powers asked the French to put their spanners [wrench] into the talks, and here we are.”
Iran has long been a global leader in executions and political imprisonment.
Many of those executed are drug dealers and traffickers who have been arrested and imprisoned on charges that do not adhere to international judicial standards.
Most of these Iranian drug convicts are killed publicly, often by hanging from a crane.
Another four political prisoners from the ethnic minority Ahwazi Arab population were executed under questionable circumstances last week after facing torture, imprisonment, and secret trials that activists criticized as unfair.
Former Pentagon adviser Michael Rubin said that Iran’s moderate outreach is often paired with a domestic crackdown.
“It’s a common pattern: Iran always couples external outreach with increasing repression at home,” said Rubin, author of Dancing with the Devil: The Perils of Engaging Rogue Regimes.
“Basically, the ayatollahs are telling their people: ‘Make no mistake. Our moderation is for external consumption only. And to make sure you understand that, we are going to ramp up executions,’” Rubin said.
Iran Human Rights, December 10: Iranian authorities moved two prominent Ahwazi Arab prisoners from Karoun Prison to an undisclosed location on 7 December, prompting fears they could be executed.
Iran Human Rights calls for the Iranian authorities to immediately overturn the death sentences of the men, who were subjected to torture and unfair trials that have been condemned by several UN experts. IHR’s appeal comes just days after four other Ahwazi Arab prisoners were taken from Karoun Prison and executed.
Hashem Shabani (32) and Hadi Rashedi (38) were sentenced to death for Moharebeh (“enmity against God”), Mufsid-fil-Arz (“corruption on earth”) and spreading propaganda against the system in July 2012 alongside three other political prisoners. All are founding members of Al-Hiwar, a cultural institute that promoted Arabic education, literature and cultural activities among deprived Ahwazi Arab youth.
Insisting on his innocence and demanding a retrial before an impartial court, Shabani has retracted the “confession” made following torture and has repeatedly repudiated violence. In a letter smuggled out of prison, Shabani wrote that he had written blogs and essays critical of the treatment of minorities in Iran, including “hideous crimes against Ahwazis
perpetrated by the Iranian authorities, particularly arbitrary and unjust executions. Through this reporting, I was defending the legitimate right that every nation in this world should have which is the right to live freely with full civil rights. With all these miseries and tragedies, I have never used a weapon to fight these atrocious crimes except the pen. ”
The death sentences against the men were met with condemnation by a group of five United Nations independent experts in January, who accused the Iranian authorities of torture and unfair trials.
The European Union subsequently imposed sanctions on judge Seyyed Mohammad Bagher Moussavi of Branch 2 of the Ahwaz Revolutionary Court who sentenced the men to death as well as the officials responsible for broadcasting the “confessions”, head of IRIB World Service and Press TV Muhammad Sarafraz and Press TV newsroom director Hamid Reza Emadi.
حقوق بشر ایران، ١٩ آذر ١٣٩٢: نگرانی از احتمال اجرای حكم اعدام دو زندانی عرب اهوازی با انتقال آنها از زندان كارون به محل نامعلومی در ١٦ آذر ماه
سازمان حقوق بشر ایران از مقامات ایرانی می خواهد که حکم اعدام این زندانیان را كه در محاكم و پروسه ناعادلانه توام با شكنجه به مجازات مرگ محكوم شدهاند، فوری لعو و متوقف نماید. این درخواست سازمان حقوق بشر ایران تنها چند روز پس از اعدام چهار زندانی دیگر اهوازی عرب است كه آنها نیز از زندان کارون برای اعدام به مكان نامعلومی منتقل شده بودند.
هاشم شعبانی ٣٢ ساله و هادی راشدی ٣٨ ساله به اتهامات محاربه، مفسد فی الارض و تبلیغ علیه نظام در سال ٢٠١٢ همراه با سه فعال سیاسی دیگر اهوازی محکوم به اعدام شدند. همه آنها اعضای موسس الحوار هستند كه یك موسسه فرهنگی و برای ترویج، آموزش زبان و ادبیات عربی و فعالیت های فرهنگی در میان جوانان محروم اهوازی تاسیس شده است.
شعبانی با تاكید بر بی گناهی خود خواستار محاکمه مجدد در یک دادگاه بی طرف شده و “اعترافات” ساختگی را كه زیر شکنجه و تحت خشونت اخذ شده را رد كرده است.
شعبانی در نامهای كه مخفیانه از زندان بیرون آمده است، اظهار می دارد که او در وبلاگ و در مقالات و مطالبی كه منتشر می كرد در مورد بحرانی بودن وضعیت اقلیت ها در ایران هشدار داده است: “این نوشته ها و مواضع، فردی و بدون هماهنگی با هیچ شخص و یا گروهی بوده که در آنها جنایات وحشیانه ای که از سوی حکومت ایران در حق مردم شریف اهواز از جمله اعدام های گسترده ظالمانه و خودسرانه، تبیین نمودم و بر حقوق انسانی و قانونی هر ملت در هر جای کره خاکی شامل حق حیات و زندگی و بهره مندی از آزادی و حقوق شهروندی تاکید و اصرار ورزیدم. با وجود همه این رنجها و سختی ها، راه چاره را در به دست گرفتن سلاحی موثر در مقابل این جنایات هولناک و غیر انسانی یافتم و آن جز ” قلم ” چیز دیگری نبود. ”
حکم اعدام این زندانیان دراسفندماه با بیانیه محکومیت یک گروه پنج نفره از کارشناسان مستقل سازمان ملل متحد همراه شد که در این بیانیه همچنین مقامات ایرانی به اعمال شکنجه و محاکمات ناعادلانه متهم شدهاند. اتحادیه اروپا پس از آن تحریم هایی علیه قاضی سید محمد باقر موسوی از شعبه ٢ دادگاه انقلاب اهواز که به مجازات مرگ این دو تن رای داده است اعمال كرد. این تحریمها همچنین شامل مقامات مسئول در پخش “اعترافات” این زندانیان از تلویزیون نیز می شد. اتحادیه اروپا محمد سرافراز، رئیس سرویس جهانی سازمان صدا و سیما و پرس تی وی را همراه با حمید رضا عمادی، مدیر اتاق خبر پرس تی وی كه عامل و مجری ساخت و تولید این اعترافات هستند، مشمول این تحریمها نمود.
Justice for Iran issued an urgent appeal to a number of United Nations Special Rapporteurs regarding the torture of three Ahwazi Arab cultural activists in Iran and the real risk of their execution after an unfair trial before the Revolutionary Court of Ahwaz. The appeal follows the broadcast of their forced confessions by Iran’s state-controlled Press TV.
Ali Chebeishat, Sayed Khaled Mousavi, and Salman Chayani were arrested on 10 November 2012 in the village of Khalaf Kaab Imsallam near the city of Shush in Khuzestan Province. They were held incommunicado for seven months while denied access to lawyer and family members at the Ministry of Intelligence Detention Centre in Ahwaz in South West of Iran. Intelligence officials illegally held the three incommunicado while subjecting each to severe torture with a view to extract confession in order to implicate them in the October 2012 explosion of the Chogha Zanbil natural gas pipeline near the village of Khalaf Kaab Imsallam.
Apart from these foced “confessions”, there is no evidence in relation to the explosion of the Chogha Zanbil natural gas pipeline. Indeed, the authorities initially declared that the explosion was an accident. Nonetheless, on 9 September 2013, Judge Sayed Mohammed Baqir Mousavi of the Second Branch of the Ahwaz Revolutionary Court convicted the three men of moharebeh and sentenced Mr. Chebeishat and Mr. Mousavi to execution and Mr. Chayani to 25 years of imprisonment in exile in Yazd in central Iran, a violation of Iran’s national code.
Despite credible allegations of serious ongoing torture and ill-treatment, the authorities have failed to carry out a full, effective and impartial investigation in order to identify and prosecute those responsible. Instead, they have made a concerted effort to forcefully extract and broadcast false confessions on state-controlled channels and use them as incriminating evidence.
Ministry of Intelligence authorities have also abused prisoners’ families by both refusing to supply information regarding their detained family members, and coercing them to participate in a confessional documentary entitled “Lost in Darkness”. “The facts before us give rise to separate claims of cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment on the families’ behalf. The authorities caused families psychological trauma through the secret detention and torture of their loved ones. They also degraded the family members by forcing them to watch the false confessions of their loved ones while being filmed as a condition to access their right to visitation.
In its urgent appeal on 4 December 2013, Justice For Iran has requested that United Nations Special Rapporteurs on Torture, and on Extrajudicial, Summary, or Arbitrary Executions inquire into these violations and take the necessary steps to urge Islamic Republic authorities to ensure Ali Chebeishat, Sayed Khaled Mousavi, and Salman Chayani and their next of kin are not subjected to further torture and ill-treatment, but instead receive a fair hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal. Justice for Iran recalls that the Islamic Republic of Iran is obliged under international law to exclude all evidence obtained through torture and ensure that the detained men fully exercise their right to access counsel of choice and are redressed for the serious human rights violations they have suffered.
For the submission of Justice For Iran to the United Nations Special Rapporteurs click here
06 Dec 2013
|Chebeishat “confesses” in Ahwaz Revolutionary Court:
No defence lawyer is present, but Press TV is allowed to film
|Chebeishat was forced to claim
he was trained and funded from Dubai
|Death row prisoner Sayyed Yassin Mousavi
praises the security services for catching him
|Chebeishat humiliated into “confessing” to foreign assistance
in front of family members
|Family members are shown supporting the charges|
It was not a normal school day for Ahwazi Arab schoolboy Abbas Haidari. Dressed in traditional Arab clothing, common throughout the Arabian Gulf, seven year old Abbas made his way to school in Ahwaz and stepped into a controversy that challenged endemic anti-Arab racism in Iran.
Wearing traditional Arabic clothing at school or in the office is effectively banned in Iran, a country where racial hatred of Arabs runs deep. For an Arab to “assimilate”, even though they are indigenous to Ahwaz, he or she has to deny their traditions and heritage, although this is often insufficient to counter discrimination.