Shawoor, an area with more than 65,000 people, is one of the most disadvantaged. Villages such as Migren 1, 2 and 3, Shamkhi, and Shnain Hussein do not have access to clean water, despite being located only a few hundreds meters from the heavily polluted Karkheh river. Some complain they have not had access to potable water for over 30 years, while many villages have only two hours access to mains water every day.
The villages of Shoush (Susa) district are also suffering from the lack of clean water, in spite of being surrounded by the Shawoor, Dez and Karkeh rivers. Shoush has 219 villages of which 64 have no drinking water. Over the whole province, 1,118 of a total of 4,015 villages have no access to clean water and a further 302 rely on water storage tanks. However, the Iranian authorities have refused to act to help these Arab-populated areas. Residents blame the Karkeh dam for the dramatic decrease in the water level in the rivers, which has come alongside a deterioration in water quality.