New Appeal for Omid Kokabee Details Specific Human Rights Law Violations August 23

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The Committee of Concerned Scientists endorses a new appeal on behalf of Texas University physics student Omid Kokabee, who is imprisoned in Teheran. CCS and many other human rights organizations have been advocating for his release since his arrest in 2011.

The letters to Iranian and international officials (see below) were drafted by Ellen Hutchison, a student at Texas University/Austin, with the assistance of Kokabee’s attorney and other human rights experts. They conclude from a careful study of international treaties and conventions that are applicable to this case (see Addendum of applicable provisions of international treaties and conventions that Iran has signed) that Kokabee’s case involves serious violations of due process.

The author and CCS urge Iranian authorities to release Omid Kokabee immediately. We encourage other science and human rights organizations to endorse this letter or to send their own version to the addressees below.

http://concernedscientists.org/2013/08/new-appeal-for-omid-kokabee-details-specific-human-rights-law-violations/

Regimer har koll på kritiker – även i Sverige

Trots att det är känt att många regimer noga följer vad exilpersoner gör och säger, tar Migrationsverket ofta inte hänsyn till risken för repressalier. Många asylsökanden som varit politiskt aktiva blir utvisade trots att det strider mot regelverket. Det skriver debattören Kurdo Baksi och juristen Bo Johansson.

En demonstration på Sergels torg mot den syriska regimen.

6 augusti 2013 kl 19:14 , uppdaterad: 7 augusti 2013 kl 06:41BRÄNNPUNKT | FLYKTINGAR

Inom den internationella asylrätten är begreppet skyddsskäl ”sur place” en viktig del. Enligt FN:s flyktingorgan UNHCR kan en person ”bli flykting ”sur place” till följd av sina egna handlingar till exempel genom att associera sig med flyktingar som redan blivit erkända eller genom att uttrycka sina politiska åsikter i det land han vistas i. Ifall sådana handlingar är tillräckliga för att rättfärdiga en välgrundad fruktan för förföljelse måste avgöras genom en omsorgsfull prövning av omständigheterna i det enskilda fallet. Särskild hänsyn bör tas till om myndigheterna i den sökandes hemland har fått kännedom om sådana handlingar och till hur dessa kommer att uppfattas av myndigheterna. Och en person blir alltså flykting ”sur place” på grund av omständigheter som inträffar i hemlandet under hans/hennes frånvaro.

Det är vanligt att flyktingar och asylsökande engagerar sig politiskt i fråga om sitt hemland när de kommer till Sverige. Särskilt gäller detta dem som flytt sitt hemland av politiska skäl vilket är naturligt eftersom de ofta har ett politiskt engagemang med sig redan från hemlandet, vilket är skälet till flykten.

I de allra flesta fall innebär detta att man ansluter sig till någon exilpolitisk organisation, deltar i dess mötes- och seminarieverksamhet och kanske väljs till något uppdrag inom organisationen. Deltagande i demonstrationer, ofta utanför ambassader, och andra manifestationer är vanligt och många har en framträdande roll vid dess tillfällen, som att hålla tal och appeller mot regimen i hemlandet.

Det är också vanligt att man ger uttryck för sina regimkritiska ståndpunkter på egna bloggar eller inlägg på organisationernas hemsidor eller Facebook-grupper. Sådana uttalanden framförs även genom närradiostationer som är POD-baserade och det är även relativt vanligt att den enskilde framträder i olika regimkritiska tv-kanaler som sänds per satellit till hemlandet.

Vanligt förekommande hemländer i dessa sammanhang är Iran, Syrien, Etiopien och Eritrea men även andra länder kan förekomma.

Sådana skäl framförs vid grundprövningen av asylansökan eller senare genom extraordinär prövning. Migrationsverket och även Migrationsdomstolens praxis har skiftat kraftigt under årens lopp men med en allt större restriktivitet under senare år. En stor del av dessa ärenden gäller iranska fall där Migrationsverket och domstolarna inte finner det sannolikt att uppgifter om verksamheten och ståndpunkterna kommit till de iranska myndigheterna kännedom eller att man bedömer att uttalandena är av ett sådant slag dessa myndigheter antas sakna anledning att ingripa.

I fråga om Iran finns en tämligen omfattande dokumentation om iranska myndigheters övervakning av sådan verksamhet och hur de förväntas reagera. Detta främst från brittiska och norska immigrationsmyndigheter där det framgår att Iran bedriver en omfattande övervakning av exilpolitisk verksamhet och att även en begränsad verksamhet kan leda till svårartad förföljelse om personer utvisas. Europadomstolen har fattat ett beslut med liknade innebörd. Migrationsverket har i ett rättsligt ställningstagande från 2012 i stort delat dessa ståndpunkter.

Trots denna rapportering avslås många ansökningar trots att den enskilde bedrivit en tämligen omfattande verksamhet, exempelvis som medlem av och är mycket aktiv inom en i hemlandet förbjuden organisation och/eller exponering på internet eller satellitkanaler.

Det allvarliga är att Migrationsverket eller domstolarna anser att uppgiften inte nått hemlandets myndigheter eller att dess myndigheter inte förväntas reagera på verksamheten utan att Migrationsverket eller domstolarna inte kan åberopa något stöd för antagandet, trots att omfattande dokumentation tydligt talar för den motsatta ståndpunkten. Det är en allmän skattning utan några referenser.

Detta innebär att enskilda asylsökande som i Sverige utnyttjar sin grundlagskyddade rätt till politisk verksamhet riskerar att utsättas för förföljelse om de utvisas.

KURDO BAKSI

samhällsdebattör

BO JOHANSSON

jurist vid Rådgivningsbyrån för asylsökande och flyktingar

http://www.svd.se/opinion/brannpunkt/regimer-har-koll-pa-kritiker-aven-i-sverige_8401780.svd

Execution of Arab Minority Men(Amnesty international)

 FIVE ARAB MEN AT IMMINENT RISK OF EXECUTION

IRAN: HALT EXECUTION OF ARAB MINORITY MEN. FOUR AHWAZI ARABS SENTENCED TO HANG AFTER UNFAIR TRIALS

Iran: Halt Execution of Arab Minority Men. Four Ahwazi Arabs Sentenced to Hang After Unfair Trials

 

http://amnesty.org/en/library/asset/MDE13/031/2013/en/29df8a00-0b46-4f33-9443-8a95ac86c9c0/mde130312013en.pdf

مناشدة من ألاخ ناصر عبيات بشأن عدم ترحيل الناشط الاحوازي قاسم فرطوسي من علي قناة ألاحوازية

قامت الشرطة السويدية  بأعتقال الناشط الاحوازي قاسم الفرطوسي, من محل عملة وتم اعتقالة وحجزة في معتقل دائرة الهجرة  في العاصمة السويدية استكهلم وبعد شهرين من الاعتقال لم يقبل بلبث في قضيتة من جديد  حسب ما صرحت السلطات السويدية يكون يوم 31_04_2013 هو يوم ترحيل قاسم الي أيران و انا اكتب هذه السطور وقمت بلاتصال معه ولاكن ما يوجد رد .

وهذه مناشدة كانت يوم ألاحد مصادف 28_04_2013 قبل يومين من موعد ترحيل قاسم علي شاشة قناة الاحوازية

Detta program handlar om Qasem Ferdowsi utvisning till Iran och vi har diskuterat igenom Gunaz Tv en arabisk del, som har specifik för etnisk arab i Iran, och det var i den 28/04/2013

 

Västerbottens Folkblad: Åselebo får ny prövning

Fotograf: David Sandström, Västerbottens Folkblad

Nasser Abiat i Åsele har beviljats ny prövning av Migrationsverket.

Hustrun Ingrid och Nasser själv hoppas nu att han ska slippa åka till Iran för att söka anhöriginvandring.
– Nu kan jag slappna av lite, säger han.

I dagens Folkbladet berättar Nasser och Ingrid mer om beskedet.

David Sandström
David Sandström 

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Här är pappersartikeln inskannad. Klicka på bilderna så blir de större.

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“Hoppet lever för Nasser”

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“Nasser får en ny chans att stanna i Sverige!

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ضوء امل جديد لمعارض النظام/Hoppet åter tänt för regimkritiker

الناشط في مجال حقوق الانسان الذي عاش في مدينه اوسله ما يقارب 4 سنوات تم توقيف ترحيلة ومنح فرصة جديدة للبث في ملفه من جديد و بعد ما تم اطلاع دائرة الهجرة علي المقابله التي تماجرائها من قبل احمد شهيد والتي نشرت في ملخص التقرير السنويه علي الموقع الاكتروني لسيد أحمد شهيد.

وقال الناشط في مجال حقوق الانسان  التي ينحدر من اصول عربيه في جنوب غرب ايران بأنه معاملة النظام مع كافة مكونات المجتمع عنيفة وبلذات اذا المرة كان ينتمي الي اصولاً غير فارسيه .

nasser i vf

واشار ايضاً بان الحكومة الايراني وصفت من تعاونوا مع المبعوث الاممي لحقوق الانسان في ايران هم مجموعات وافراد ذات صله بلارهاب وممولين من قبل مخابرات الدول الغربيه واسرائيل وامريكا.

وفي الاخير اشارة الصحيفة الي بان ناصر طوال ال4 سنوات كان ناشطاً وعلي ستوي يصل عقوبته الي التعذيب او السجن طويل المدة وحتي الاعدام اذا تم ترحيله الي ايران

جزيل الشكر والامتنان الي السيد جان جوهانسون

مصاحبه أحمد شهيد گزارشگر مخصوص حقوق بشر در ايران با فعال حقوق بشر ناصر عبيات كه در خلاصه گزارش جديد احمد شهيد ذكر شده است

 

March 2013 Report Supplement

35. Political and cultural activist and former policeman Nasser Abiat reports that he was arrested twice, first in 2005 by security forces without a warrant.

He was allegedly not allowed a lawyer in the Hamidia Court, where he was charged with converting from Shi’a to Sunni Islam and attending anti-regime demonstrations. Pending further investigation by the judge, Mr. Abiat was relegated to solitary confinement for a month in a cell too small to lie down in, during which time he reportedly received inadequate food, was only allowed to shower twice, and was threatened with the rape of his female family members.

Mr. Abiat alleges that when he refused to confess following this month, he was confined in Sephedar Prison for an additional month. During his interrogations in detention, Mr. Abiat was reportedly questioned throughout the night, beaten, blindfolded, and threatened with the death penalty and further beatings.

Following his month in Sephedar Prison, Mr. Abiat was sentenced to 2 years in prison without a trial or access to a lawyer, but his sentence was overturned on appeal to the Ahwaz Revolutionary Court and replaced with a 2 million tuman fine.

He was also demoted two levels in the police corps, suspended for 6 months without pay, not allowed to wear his uniform, and was not allowed to travel within the country without permission from the police. Mr. Abiat was reportedly arrested again in the summer of 2007 while visiting a police station and received a 2 year prison sentence on charges of attending illegal demonstrations. He was allegedly held for 3 days at the police station and 10 days in Sephedar Prison.

During his interrogations, Mr. Abiat reports that he was kicked and beaten. He was then sent to a military court in Tehran and was suspended without pay, restricted from provincial travel, not allowed to use his car for 6 months.

Two months later, he was dismissed from his job per a decision by the military court. After witnessing the arrest of his cousin in 2007, Mr. Abiat left the country.

http://www.shaheedoniran.org/english/dr-shaheeds-work/latest-reports/3169-march-2013-report-supplement.html

Sweden DENIES asylum, orders deportation of Iranian Christians facing persecution or death back to Iran

Sweden is continually denying asylum to desperate Iranian-Christians who are trying to avoid imprisonment or death in Iran.

Once these Christians are ordered to be deported to Iran, they have to go into hiding where they have no legal way of getting medical attention or other legal services needed to survive.

I’m sure they rely on the charity of their brothers and sisters in Christ to get by, but it’s no way to live.

But what makes this even worse is that, according to CBN News, there seems to be an anti-Christian bias among Sweden’s immigration officials, such that when an Iranian Christian asks for asylum and tries to prove they are Christian, the immigration officials don’t believe them. They believe that no one converts to Christianity out of true belief:

Homeira, another Iranian Christian facing deportation, told CBN News she no longer officially exists in Sweden.

“My asylum request was denied and I was ordered to leave the country. I don’t have any identity. I can’t even use medical services. I can’t work,” she said.

She’s now in hiding. She said when she tried to testify about her Christian faith to immigration officials, they thought she was lying.

“Officials do not seem to understand why a Muslim would become a Christian. They asked me, ‘Why didn’t you become a Jew?’” Homeira said.

“There’s a lot of bias regarding Christian converts because the standard argument is, ‘Well, nobody converts to Christianity out of true belief. Why would anyone do anything of the sort?’” Donner said.

http://www.therightscoop.com/sweden-denies-asylum-orders-deportation-of-iranian-christians-facing-persecution-or-death-back-to-iran/

The Call for Free and Fair Elections in the Islamic Republic of Iran

(c) UN Photo/Rick Bajornas

(c) UN Photo/Rick Bajornas

22 March 2013

This month marks the 37th anniversary of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).  This treaty was adopted in March 1976 and has been ratified by 167 countries, including the Islamic Republic of Iran. 

Core principles promulgated by this document relate to individual liberties, such as the rights to freedom of expression, association, assembly, and the rights to freedom of religion and belief. 

It is arguable that when governments resist encroaching on these fundamental rights, a given society will be better equipped with the tools for promoting free and fair elections and for advancing social, economic, and cultural rights. 

This anniversary provides an opportunity to reflect on the state of these basic human rights in the Islamic Republic, especially as the country prepares for Presidential elections on 14 June.  

(Colchester, England)  Elections provide periodic opportunities for the citizens of a country to take stock of the direction in which they are heading and to freely decide whether to change course.

Free and fair elections lend legitimacy and accountability to a democracy by preventing any one individual or a small group in a society from imposing certain vested interests on the general population.

For any election to be truly free and fair and to represent the will, freely expressed, of the electorate, it is vital for people to be given the space and protection they need to wholly enjoy the full range of civil and political rights, in particular the rights to freedom of expression, association, and assembly, as well as the rights to vote and to participate in public life, free from intimidation or threat to personal security.

Furthermore, the electoral process requires a permissive political environment and must be driven by equity, transparency, and political tolerance. Minority groups and women must benefit equitably from the election process, which should be supervised, monitored, and carried out by a neutral body.

People must be free to share ideas and opinions, organize rallies and protests, and debate policy.

They must also be free to participate in civil society, and form political parties. Civil society and political parties constitute the primary vehicles for the development and promotion of a variety of ideas and norms for good governance from which citizens may choose, and therefore should be included in, rather than marginalized from the process.

Unfortunately, in Iran, the 2009 presidential election and violent post-election events demonstrate that rather than offering an opportunity for people to assert their basic civil and political rights, elections in Iran have seemingly become a time when rights are subdued and choices imposed.

All of us who wish Iran and its people well, hope that this year things will be different. That the country will engage in an open and considered debate about its future.

And yet, as one surveys the situation of human rights in Iran in 2013, it is difficult to foresee that things will be better than they were four years ago. In fact, for a range of reasons, not least the response of the Iranian authorities to the revolutions taking place elsewhere in the Middle East and North Africa, it is possible that they could be worse.

It is therefore of great concern that the Islamic Republic of Iran continues to place significant and unreasonable limitations on the right of Iranian citizens to stand for Presidential office.

The Iranian authorities have made clear that, under the Constitution, candidates for the office of President must be “political-religious men” and faithful believers in “foundation of the Islamic Republic of Iran and official religion of the country.

” Women, as well as anyone who holds political opinions contrary to that of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the country’s official religion, are therefore deprived of their basic democratic rights as guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

As I make clear in my most recent report to the United Nations Human Rights Council, the  conditions for free and fair elections are sadly not present in Iran. Since the start of my mandate, I have conducted over four hundred interviews with human rights defenders and victims, and have received vast numbers of reports from human rights NGOs.

The picture which emerges from the information received is one of widespread and systemic human rights violations in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Patterns of abuse range from severe restrictions on free speech and a continued crackdown on human rights defenders and activists, to an extensive use of the death penalty, torture, amputations, and violence and discrimination against women and minorities.

The seriousness of the violations are spelt out in a recent letter by 16 leading international human rights NGOs to Members of the Human Rights Council.

On 4 February, I joined a number of other UN human rights Special Procedures in calling for Iran to immediately halt the recent spate of arrests of journalists and release those already detained, most of whom work for independent news outlets.

We expressed our fear that the arrests were part of a broader crackdown on the press and that “the arrests may serve to reinforce self-censorship and severely constrict freedom of opinion and expression”.

On 11 February, I also joined the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association in expressing our concern about the ongoing house arrestof two key opposition leaders, Mir Hossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karoubi and called for their immediate release, noting that the free expression of political activists is a precondition of free and fair elections.

Human rights defenders also continue to face harassment, arrest, interrogation and torture, and are frequently charged with vaguely-defined national security crimes.

A preponderance of those I have been able to interview offered deeply-disturbing reports of being subjected to physical and psychological duress during interrogations with the purpose of soliciting signed and televised confessions, were not given access to legal counsel or afforded a fair trial, and in many cases were subjected to severe mental and physical torture.

For example, in June 2012 an appeal court sentenced human rights lawyer Abdolfattah Soltani to 13 years in prison for establishing the Centre for Human Rights Defenders. In April, an appeals court informed defense lawyer Mohamed Ali Dadkhah that it had upheld his 9 year sentence on charges related to his interviews with foreign media.

These are just a handful of the widespread and systematic violations that are catalogued, in detail, in my report. Each of those cases represents the story of an individual who has suffered or is suffering merely because he or she is has asserted their inalienable rights to participate in the political and social life of his/her country.

As I have done many times, I call on the Iranian authorities to halt all such human rights violations, to hold the perpetrators to account, and to offer remedy and redress to the victims.

It is vital for the country’s future that the ongoing crackdown against dissenting voices stop and that, instead, the State allows those voices to play their rightful part in choosing the country’s next government.

http://www.shaheedoniran.org/english/dr-shaheeds-work/statements/3167-the-call-for-free-and-fair-elections-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran.html